Day 4 - Ju-Jitsu - Sensei Steve Barnett - 10th Dan
Ju-jitsu ( JU - gentle; JITSU - art ), is a Japanese martial art system in which the strength and weight of an opponent are used against him by means of anatomical knowledge and the principles of leverage. Included in this art are methods of throwing, constriction, joint locking, and weaponry forms.
Ju-jitsu has not had an organized history as many other martial arts have. For hundreds of years, ju-jitsu knowledge was secretly passed on orally from teacher to student, master to disciple, father to son.The practice of ju-jitsu can be traced back in history more than 2,500 years. Ju-jitsu developed from many individual teachings that either originated in Japan, or found their way to Japan from other Asian countries.
Morihei Uyeshiba took portions of the art to start his own system of aikido in 1925.
The next historical phase of ju-jitsu, which had gone into decline with the closing of the Tokugawa era, was in 1882, when Jigoro Kano developed the sport of judo (JU - gentle, DO - way) in order to increase the popularity of the martial arts, and to provide a safe sport using selected techniques taken from the art of ju-jitsu.
Ju-jitsu is what might be called a parent art, from which other martial arts later develop. Since ju-jitsu has such a broad history, it was inevitable that other arts, or ways would evolve from it.
Judo (the gentle way) and aikido ( the way of the mind and spirit ) trace direct lines to ju-jitsu.
Many styles of karate, especially kenpo, also trace many of their techniques back to ju-jitsu.
Sensei Steve Barnett - 10th Dan
Sensei Steve Barnett holds the ranks of 10th Dan Ju-Jitsu, 5th Dan Karate and 5th Dan Budo he is president of the Goshin Ryu Ju-Jitsu Internaional, he spends some of his time in Eastern Europe training military forces and has been invited to teach Ju-Jitsu in Japan, an honour that is not extended to many westerners.
Sensei Steve Barnett is the technical director and secretary for western Europe of the AJJIF
Sensei started with wrist locks, Ikkyo and Nikkyo.
Left: Sensei Steve applies a wrist lock to Col Dave Hopwood.
Col Dave isn't pulling faces for fun, when the lock is on, it's on, you either go with it or you will get a broken wrist.
Sensei taught the class "O-Goshi" - Major hip throw, this technique is regarded as the basic hip throw. Against an upight opponent the thrower turns in and bends both knees so as to sink lower than the uke (opponent). The right arm goes round the uke and left high on his right arm. As the thrower moves into position the opponent is pulled forward over the hips, the legs straighterned and lift, the uke is pitched forward onto the mat.
Sensei then taught "Tai-Otoshi" - Body drop, the thrower takes a standard sleeve/lapel grip and makes a standard turn around a pivioting on his right foot. Having made the turn the foot/leg is extended across the opponents leg . Both arms pull forward, the right continues and the left pulls towards the left hip. The action of the arms and the block on the ankle will flip the uke off his feet. Sensei was demonstrating the throw on me when he started to talk about counters, I don't know what I thaught I was doing when he went to show the throw again I went into a standard body drop to body drop reversal and just stopped before I threw him. Auto-pilot can be a dangerous thing. On the next throw I reached the mat somewhat faster than previously, I must learn to concentrte when I am uke!
We went on to do some standing arm locks, followed by some take downs, recumbant ankle throws and front scissor throws.
Sensei taught the differences between strangles and chokes, whether the blood or air supply is restricted, this led to move strange faces from Col Dave, he did make a first class uke for Sensei.
We were shown "Ude-Garami" Entangled Arm lock, the attacker makes the move when lying across the upper body of the opponent, the wrist is grabbed and the other arm slid under the opponents arm catching your own wrist. Ukes arm is kept in a figure L and rotated into the mat.
Left: Sensei instructs Maj Sheldon and myself on escapes from wrist grabs.
Senseis methodology throught the days training was the three second rule, no looking good, no posing... you have three seconds to finish this first attacker before his mate piles in. If you haven't disabled number one in three seconds you will probably lose.
Techniques were practiced slowly and then quicker until we achieved three seconds or better. As Sensei was demonstrating he would always be striking...giving them something to think about...there is no point just blocking when the same block can be a strike as well...you have bought a bit of extra time in the vital three second slot.
One of the last bits of pain for Col Dave as Senseis uke was a five strike defence to a grab that ended in a devestating uppercut to the throat. Even in a controlled manner it was extremely effective. In a combat situation it would be devastating. After a few slow demonstrations Sensei demonstrated the five strike defense at speed....asking if he had landed all five strike within the thre seconds. The concencious was that the five strikes had been landed in a little over one second with devastating speed and accuracy.
Sensei concluded the training with some defences to knife attacks and weapons.
Ju-Jitsu Clip SHow
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